Background The impact of donor age in paediatric kidney transplantation is unclear. We therefore examined the association of donor-recipient age combinations with graft survival in children. Methods Data for 4686 first kidney transplantations performed in 13 countries in 1990-2013 were extracted from the ESPN/ERA-EDTA Registry. The effect of donor and recipient age combinations on 5-year graft-failure risk, stratified by donor source, was estimated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression, while adjusting for sex, primary renal diseases with a high risk of recurrence, pre-emptive transplantation, year of transplantation and country. Results The risk of graft failure in older living donors (50-75 years old) was similar to that of younger living donors {adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.74 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.38-1.47]}. Deceased donor (DD) age was non-linearly associated with graft survival, with the highest risk of graft failure found in the youngest donor age group [0-5 years; compared with donor ages 12-19 years; aHR 1.69 (95% CI 1.26-2.26)], especially among the youngest recipients (0-11 years). DD age had little effect on graft failure in recipients' ages 12-19 years. Conclusions Our results suggest that donations from older living donors provide excellent graft outcomes in all paediatric recipients. For young recipients, the allocation of DDs over the age of 5 years should be prioritized.

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Keywords epidemiology, graft survival, paediatric nephrology, transplantation
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Journal Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Chesnaye, N.C. (Nicholas C.), van Stralen, K.J, Bonthuis, F, Groothoff, J.W. (Jaap W.), Harambat, J. (Jerôme), Schaefer, F, … Jager, K.J. (2017). The association of donor and recipient age with graft survival in paediatric renal transplant recipients in a European Society for Paediatric Nephrology/European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplantation Association Registry study. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 32(11), 1949–1956. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfx261