Background Treatment of blood samples from hemorrhagic fever virus (HFV)-infected patients with 0.1% detergents has been recommended for virus inactivation and subsequent safe laboratory testing. However, data on virus inactivation by this procedure are lacking. Here we show the effect of this procedure on diagnostic test results and infectious Ebola virus (EBOV) titers. Methods Serum and whole-blood samples were treated with 0.1% or 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) or 0.1% Triton X-100 and assayed for clinical chemistry and malaria antigen detection. Infectious EBOV titers were determined in SDS-treated plasma and whole blood from EBOV-infected nonhuman primates (NHPs). Infectious titers of EBOV or herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in detergents-treated cell culture medium containing various serum concentrations were determined. Results Laboratory test results were not affected by 0.1% detergent treatment of blood samples, in contrast with 1% SDS treatment. However, 0.1% detergent treatment did not inactivate EBOV in blood samples from infected NHPs. Experiments with cell culture medium showed that virus inactivation by detergents is annulled at physiological serum concentrations. Conclusions Treatment of blood samples with 0.1% SDS or Triton X-100 does not inactivate EBOV. Inactivation protocols for HFV should be validated with serum and whole blood.

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Keywords detergent, Ebola, inactivation, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Triton
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Journal The Journal of Infectious Diseases
van Kampen, J.J.A, Tintu, A, Russcher, H, Fraaij, P.L.A, Reusken, C.B.E.M, Rijken, M. (Mikel), … Koopmans, M.P.G, D.V.M. (2017). Ebola Virus Inactivation by Detergents Is Annulled in Serum. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 216(7), 859–866. doi:10.1093/infdis/jix401