Background: The revised Porto criteria identify subtypes of paediatric inflammatory bowel diseases: ulcerative colitis [UC], atypical UC, inflammatory bowel disease unclassified [IBDU], and Crohn's disease [CD]. Others have proposed another subclassifiction of Crohn's colitis. In continuation of the Porto criteria, we aimed to derive and validate criteria, termed "PIBD-classes," for standardising the classification of the different IBD subtypes.
Methods: This was a multicentre retrospective longitudinal study from 23 centres affiliated with the Port -group of ESPGHAN. Both a hypothesis-driven judgmental approach and mathematical classification and regression tree [CART] modelling were used for creating a diagnostic algorithm. Since small bowel inflammation is easily recognised as CD, we focused here primarily on the phenotype of colitis.
Results: In all, 749 IBD children were enrolled: 236 [32%] Crohn's colitis, 272 [36%] UC and 241 [32%] IBDU [age 10.9 ± 3.6 years] with a median follow-up of 2.8 years (interquartile range [IQR] 1.7-4.3). A total of 23 features were clustered in three classes according to their prevalence in UC: six class-1 features [0% prevalence in UC], 12 class-2 features [< 5% prevalence], and five class-3 features [5-10% prevalence]. According to the algorithm, the disease should be classified as UC if no features exist in any of the classes. When at least one feature exists, different combinations classify the disease into atypical UC, IBDU or CD. The algorithm differentiated UC from CD and IBDU with 80% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI] 71-88%) and 84% specificity [77-89%], and CD from IBDU and UC with 78% sensitivity [67-87%] and 94% specificity [89-97%].
Conclusions: The validated PIBD-classes algorithm can adequately classify children with IBD into small bowel CD, colonic CD, IBDU, atypical UC, and UC.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Classification, Crohn's colitis, Crohn's disease, IBD-unclassified, Pediatric, UC
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx053, hdl.handle.net/1765/103407
Journal Journal of Crohn's and Colitis
Rights no subscription
Citation
Birimberg-Schwartz, L. (Liron), Zucker, D.M. (David M.), Akriv, A. (Amichay), Cucchiara, S, Cameron, F.L. (Fiona L.), Wilson, D.C, … Turnera, D. (Dan). (2017). Development and validation of diagnostic criteria for IBD subtypes including IBdunclassified in children. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, 11(9), 1078–1084. doi:10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx053