Purpose: Mutation frequencies of PROP1, POU1F1 and HESX1 in patients with combined pituitary hormone deficiencies (CPHD) vary substantially between populations. They are low in sporadic CPHD patients in Western Europe. However, most clinicians still routinely send DNA of their CPHD patients for genetic screening of these pituitary transcription factors. Before we can recommend against screening of PROP1, POU1F1 and HESX1 as part of routine work-up for Western-European sporadic CPHD patients, it is crucial to rule out possible defects in regulatory regions of these genes, which could also disturb the complex process of pituitary organogenesis. Methods: The regulatory regions of PROP1, POU1F1 and HESX1 are not covered by Whole Exome Sequencing as they are largely located outside the coding regions. Therefore, we manually sequenced the regulatory regions, previously defined in the literature, of PROP1, POU1F1 and HESX1 among 88 Dutch patients with CPHD. We studied promoter SNPs in relation to phenotypic data. Results: We found six known SNPs in the PROP1 promoter. In the POU1F1 promoter, we found one new variant and two known SNPs. We did not find any variant in the HESX1 promoter. Conclusion: Although the new POU1F1 variant might explain the phenotype of one patient, the general conclusion of this study is that variants in regulatory regions of PROP1, POU1F1 and HESX1 are rare in patients with sporadic CPHD in the Netherlands. We recommend that genetic screening of these pituitary transcription factors should no longer be part of routine work-up for Western-European, and especially Dutch, sporadic CPHD patients.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Genetic screening, Growth, Hypopituitarism, Pituitary, Regulatory region, Transcription factor
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11102-017-0850-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/103576
Journal Pituitary
Citation
Elizabeth, M. (Melitza), Hokken-Koelega, A.C.S, Schuilwerve, J, Peeters, R.P, Visser, T.J, & de Graaff, L.C.G. (2017). Genetic screening of regulatory regions of pituitary transcription factors in patients with idiopathic pituitary hormone deficiencies. Pituitary, 1–8. doi:10.1007/s11102-017-0850-6