In vivo hematopoietic generation occurs in waves of primitive and definitive cell emergence. Differentiation cultures of pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) offer an accessible source of hematopoietic cells for blood-related research and therapeutic strategies. However, despite many approaches, it remains a goal to robustly generate hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells (HP/SCs) in vitro from ESCs. This is partly due to the inability to efficiently promote, enrich, and/or molecularly direct hematopoietic emergence. Here, we use Gata2Venus (G2V) and Ly6a(SCA1). GFP (LG) reporter ESCs, derived from well-characterized mouse models of HP/SC emergence, to show that during in vitro differentiation they report emergent waves of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), definitive HPCs, and B-lymphoid cell potential. These results, facilitated by enrichment of single and double reporter cells with HPC properties, demonstrate that in vitro ESC differentiation approximates the waves of hematopoietic cell generation found in vivo, thus raising possibilities for enrichment of rare ESC-derived HP/SCs. Kauts et al. demonstrate that Gata2Venus, Ly6aGFP, and double reporter expression in differentiating mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) discriminates and facilitates enrichment of most hematopoietic progenitors generated in vitro. Sequential waves of ESC-derived reporter cell emergence show increasing hematopoietic lineage potency and approximate the in vivo waves of hematopoietic cell generation found in the mouse embryo.

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Stem Cell Reports
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Kauts, M.-L., Rodriguez-Seoane, C. (Carmen), Kaimakis, P., Mendes, S., Cortés-Lavaud, X. (Xabier), Hill, U. (Undine), & Dzierzak, E. (2017). In Vitro Differentiation of Gata2 and Ly6a Reporter Embryonic Stem Cells Corresponds to In Vivo Waves of Hematopoietic Cell Generation. Stem Cell Reports. doi:10.1016/j.stemcr.2017.11.018