Background To assess the vessel-healing pattern of Ultimaster drug-eluting stent using optical frequency domain imaging. Our hypothesis is that biodegradable polymer-based drug-eluting technology allows complete very early strut coverage.
Methods and Results The DISCOVERY 1TO3 study (Evaluation With OFDI of Strut Coverage of Terumo New Drug Eluting Stent With Biodegradable Polymer at 1, 2, and 3 Months) is a prospective, single-arm, multicenter study. A total of 60 patients with multivessel disease requiring staged procedure at 1 month were treated with Ultimaster. Optical frequency domain imaging was acquired at baseline, 1, 2, and 3 months. The primary end point is optical frequency domain imaging-assessed strut coverage at 3 months. Mean age of patients was 67.2±9.9 years, and 73.3% were male, and 36.7% presented with acute coronary syndrome. A total of 132 lesions were treated, with average 1.4 lesions per patient treated at baseline and 1.1 lesions treated at 1 month. Strut coverage at 3 months of single implanted stents (n=71, primary end point) was 95.2±5.2% and of combined single and overlapped stents was 95.4±4.9%. Strut coverage of combined single and overlapped stents at 1 (n=49) and 2 months (n=38) was 85.1±12.7% and 87.9±10.8%, respectively. The median neointimal hyperplasia thickness was 0.04, 0.05, and 0.06 mm, whereas mean neointimal hyperplasia obstruction was 4.5±2.4%, 5.2±3.4%, and 6.6±3.3% at 1, 2, and 3 months, respectively.
Conclusions Nearly complete strut coverage was observed in this complex population very early after implantation of Ultimaster drug-eluting stent.

Clinical Trial Registration-URL: Unique identifier: NCT01844843.

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Keywords coronary artery disease, drug-eluting stents, hyperplasia, neointima, percutaneous coronary intervention
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Journal Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
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Chevalier, B, Smits, P.C, Carrié, D, Mehilli, J, van Boven, A.J, Regar, E.S, … Vlachojannis, G.J. (2017). Serial Assessment of Strut Coverage of Biodegradable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stent at 1, 2, and 3 Months after Stent Implantation by Optical Frequency Domain Imaging. Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions, 10(12). doi:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.116.004801