Purpose: Coupling interval (CI) variability of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) is influenced by the underlying arrhythmia mechanism. The aim of this study was to compare CI variability of PVCs in different myocardial disease entities, in order to gain insight into their arrhythmia mechanism. Methods: Sixty-four patients with four underlying pathologies were included: idiopathic (n = 16), non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) (n = 16), familial cardiomyopathy (PLN/LMNA) (n = 16), and post-MI (n = 16)-associated PVCs. The post-MI group was included as a reference, on account of its known re-entry mechanism. On Holter registrations, the first 20 CIs of the dominant PVC morphology were measured manually after which median ΔCI and mean SD of CI/√R-R (= CI of PVC corrected for underlying heart rate) were obtained. Two observers independently measured PVC CIs on pre-selected Holter registrations in order to determine inter- and intra-observer reliability. Results: The largest ΔCI was seen in the PLN/LMNA group (220 ms (120–295)), the lowest in the idiopathic group (120 ms (100–190)). The ΔCI in the PLN/LMNA group was significantly larger than the post-MI group (220 ms (120–295) vs 130 ms (105–155), p = 0.023). Mean SD of CI/√R-R in the PLN/LMNA group was also significantly higher than in the post-MI group (p = 0.044). Inter- and intra-observer reliability was good (ICC = 0.91 vs 0.86 and 0.96 vs 0.77, respectively). Conclusions: Low ΔCI and SD of CI/√R-R of idiopathic and NIDCM PVCs suggest that the underlying arrhythmia mechanisms might be re-entry or triggered activity. Abnormal automaticity or modulated parasystole are unlikely mechanisms. High CI variability in PLN/LMNA patients suggests that the re-entry and triggered activity are less likely mechanisms in this group.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Arrhythmogenesis, Coupling interval variability, Familial cardiomyopathy, Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia, Non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, Ventricular premature complexes
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10840-017-0309-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/103958
Journal Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Citation
de Vries, L.J, Martirosyan, M. (Mihran), van Domburg, R.T, Wijchers, S.A, Géczy, T. (Tamas), & Szili-Török, T. (2018). Coupling interval variability of premature ventricular contractions in patients with different underlying pathology: an insight into the arrhythmia mechanism. Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, 1–9. doi:10.1007/s10840-017-0309-8