DESIGN: A total of 303 twin pairs of the same gender (606 twins) were included in the study; 125 monozygotic and 178 dizygotic twin pairs.METHODS: A clinical examination including a standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and anthropometric measurements was performed.RESULTS: The heritability estimates were high for IGF-I and IGFBP-3 (h2: 0.65 (95% CI: 0.55-0.74) and 0.71 (0.48-0.94), respectively) and for insulin secretion (h2 = 0.56, P < 0.0001), whereas the heritability estimates for insulin sensitivity were low (h2 = 0.14, P = 0.11). In a multiple regression analysis (adjusting for age, gender and twin status), there was a negative association between IGF-I and insulin sensitivity (B: -0.13, SE 0.03, P < 0.0001) and IGF-I and disposition index (B: -0.05, SE 0.02, P < 0.001) in the entire cohort of 606 twins. The associations between IGF-I and both DI and HOMA-S did not differ between the DZ and MZ twins. Forty-five twin pairs were discordant for T2D, but the discordant twins had similar concentrations of IGF-I or IGFBP-3.CONCLUSIONS: There was a high heritability for IGF-I and IGFBP-3, but a low heritability for insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in a group of elderly twins. In addition, we found a strong negative relationship between IGF-I and insulin sensitivity, which did not seem to be strongly genetically determined.OBJECTIVE: IGF-I may be a marker of later metabolic and cardiovascular disease. The interactions between IGF-I and glucose metabolism are multifactorial, and there is potential confounding from several secondary effects. In this study, we examined the interaction between IGF-I and glucose metabolism in a large cohort of clinically well-characterized elderly twins.

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Journal European Journal of Endocrinology
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Jensen, R.B. (Rikke Beck), Thankamony, A. (Ajay), Holst, K.K. (Klaus K.), Janssen, J.A.M.J.L. (Joseph A M J L), Juul, A, Dunger, D. (David), … Scheike, T. (Thomas). (2018). Genetic influence on the associations between IGF-I and glucose metabolism in a cohort of elderly twins. European Journal of Endocrinology, 178(2), 155–163. doi:10.1530/EJE-17-0754