A lack of accountability is often considered a root cause of conflict. Many post-conflict reconstruction efforts therefore aim to enhance accountability between authorities and the population through community-driven reconstruction (CDR) programmes. This article examines the details of the accountability mechanisms in the Tushiriki CDR programme in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Based on ethnographic research, we found little impact of formal programme accountability. Rather, accountability was shaped differently and had its own context-specific meaning. To make accountability more sustainable, stronger embeddedness in local institutions and more appropriate translations of abstract concepts into the local context are needed.

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Keywords accountability, community-driven reconstruction, Democratic Republic of Congo
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/09614524.2018.1397103, hdl.handle.net/1765/104036
Journal Development in Practice
Note We thank the International Rescue Committee/Stichting Vluchteling for funding provided to author Patrick Milabyo Kyamusugulwa, and DFID for funding as part of the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium to authors Dorothea Hilhorst and Carolien Jacobs. Patrick Milabyo Kyamusugulwa is grateful to the Marie-Curie Fellowship for its support during the inception phase of this research and to DFID during the revision phase of the paper.
Kyamusugulwa, P.M, Hilhorst, D.J.M, & Jacobs, C.I.M. (2018). Accountability mechanisms in community-driven reconstruction in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Development in Practice, 28(1), 4–15. doi:10.1080/09614524.2018.1397103