We presented an extremely severe case of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in a female patient with recurring, lifethreatening bleeding complications related to renal angiomyolipomas. Massive intratumoral hemorrhage required surgical removal of both angiomyolipomatous kidneys and kidney transplantation. During the follow-up period, the patient developed severe metrorrhagia that eventually led to hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy. Bleeding from the operative sites caused the loss of the first kidney transplant received from the mother, and immediate hemorrhagic shock led to the loss of the second, cadaveric kidney allograft. The third kidney transplant had a successful outcome. Pathological analysis of all tissue specimens showed TSC-associated lesions and deformed blood vessels in the surgically removed organs. Molecular genetic analysis of TSC1 and TSC2 in the DNA of peripheral leukocytes identified a novel TSC2 c.3599G > C (p.R1200P) variant. Functional assessment confirmed the likely pathogenicity of the TSC2 c.3599G > C (p.R1200P) variant. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the c.3599G > C (p.R1200P) variant in exon 29 of the TSC2 gene related to a severe clinical course and multiple kidney transplants in a patient with TSC.

doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2017.58.416, hdl.handle.net/1765/104055
Croatian Medical Journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Živčić-Ćosić, S. (Stela), Mayer, K., Dordević, G. (Gordana), Nellist, M., Hoogeveen-Westerveld, M., Miletić, D. (Damir), … Trobonjača, Z. (Zlatko). (2017). Severe bleeding complications and multiple kidney transplants in a patient with tuberous sclerosis complex caused by a novel TSC2 missense variant. Croatian Medical Journal, 58(6), 416–423. doi:10.3325/cmj.2017.58.416