Disruptions severely undermine the reliability of railway systems. Consequently, a lot of investments are made to improve disruption management. Much has already been written about disruption management, often with the purpose of supporting operators in their decision making. However, to the best of our knowledge, this literature doesn't consider the structural differences of disruption management in different countries. An overview of the various ways in which disruptions are solved and conditions under which that happens could help rail infrastructure managers and train operating companies to reconsider the ways in which they operate. This paper takes stock of the similarities and differences in how disruptions are managed in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. Of importance is not only how these systems work on paper, but above all what happens in practice, i.e. the habits and routines that operators have developed for solving disruptions.

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Keywords Complex socio-technical systems, Disruption management, International comparison, Rail systems
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrtpm.2017.12.003, hdl.handle.net/1765/104255
Journal Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management
Schipper, D, & Gerrits, L.M. (2018). Differences and similarities in European railway disruption management practices. Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. doi:10.1016/j.jrtpm.2017.12.003