1.There is growing interest in the use of sildenafil during pregnancy for various maternal and fetal conditions. This study aims to investigate the effect of pregnancy on the maternal pharmacokinetics (PK) of sildenafil and its main metabolite desmethylsildenafil in rabbits. Using NONMEM, population PK modeling was performed based on plasma samples from 31 rabbits of whom 15 were pregnant and 16 were not. All received a single subcutaneous sildenafil dose of 10 mg/kg. One sample was obtained per rabbit at either 30, 60, 120, 360, 720 or 1320 min after sildenafil administration. 2.A two- and one-compartment PK-model best described the data for sildenafil and desmethylsildenafil, respectively. Compared to non-pregnant rabbits, the central and peripheral volume of distribution and inter-compartmental clearance of sildenafil were lower in pregnant rabbits [32.1 versus 12.2 L, 110 versus 44.4 L and 25.5 versus 12.1 L/h; all p < 0.05]. The formation clearance from sildenafil to desmethylsildenafil was also reduced during pregnancy [13.3 versus 7.8 L/h; p < 0.05]. 3.In contrast, the elimination clearance of desmethylsildenafil, was higher in pregnancy [73.5 versus 116. 9; p < 0.05]. In rabbits, pregnancy impacts PK parameters of sildenafil and its metabolite, leading to an increased peak concentration and 24 h exposure for sildenafil and a decreased 24 h exposure for desmethylsildenafil.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Pharmacokinetics, population pharmacokinetics modeling, pregnancy, sildenafil
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/00498254.2017.1422217, hdl.handle.net/1765/104315
Journal Xenobiotica
Citation
Russo, F.M. (Francesca M.), Mian, P, Krekels, E.H.J, van Calsteren, K, Tibboel, D. (Dick), Deprest, J. (Jan), & Allegaert, K.M. (2018). Pregnancy affects the pharmacokinetics of sildenafil and its metabolite in the rabbit. Xenobiotica, 1–8. doi:10.1080/00498254.2017.1422217