Background: Gestational hypertensive disorders (GHDs), including gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life, possibly through an atherogenic lipid profile.
Objective: The objective of this study is to assess if women with a previous GHD have a more atherogenic lipid profile 6 years after pregnancy compared to women with a previous normotensive pregnancy.
Methods: In a population-based prospective cohort study, we included 4933 women during pregnancy, including 302 women with a GHD. Six years after pregnancy, we determined maternal lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipoprotein[a], and apolipoprotein B) and glucose levels.
Results: Women with a previous GHD had a more atherogenic lipid profile 6 years after pregnancy compared to women with a previous normotensive pregnancy. These atherogenic lipid profiles were a result of higher levels of triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Differences in lipid profile between women with a previous GHD and women with a previous normotensive pregnancy were attenuated after adjustment for prepregnancy body mass index. Between women from both groups, no differences were observed in total cholesterol, lipoprotein[a], and glucose levels.
Conclusion: Women with a previous GHD show a more atherogenic lipid profile 6 years after pregnancy than women with a previous normotensive pregnancy. The increased risk of cardiovascular disease after a GHD might result from an atherogenic lipid profile after pregnancy, primarily driven by prepregnancy body mass index.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Body mass index, Gestational hypertension, Lipids, Lipoproteins, Preeclampsia
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacl.2017.12.010, hdl.handle.net/1765/104373
Journal Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Citation
Benschop, L, Bergen, N.E, Schalekamp-Timmermans, S, Jaddoe, V.W.V, Mulder, M.T, Steegers, E.A.P, & Roeters van Lennep, J.E. (2017). Maternal lipid profile 6 years after a gestational hypertensive disorder. Journal of Clinical Lipidology. doi:10.1016/j.jacl.2017.12.010