Myeloid dendritic cells, including BDCA3hi DCs and BDCA1+ DCs (hereafter dubbed DC1 and DC2 for clarity), play a pivotal role in the induction and regulation of immune responses. Interestingly, a fraction of DC2 also express low to intermediate levels of BDCA3. It is unknown whether BDCA3+ DC2 also share other traits with DC1 that are absent in BDCA3- DC2 and/or whether BDCA3 expression renders DC2 functionally distinct from their BDCA3-lacking counterparts. Here, we used expression analysis on a predefined set of immunology-related genes to determine divergence between BDCA3-positive and BDCA3-negative DC2 and their relation to bona fide BDCA3hi DC1. Results showed that mRNA fingerprints of BDCA3+ DC2 and BDCA3- DC2 are very similar, and clearly distinct from that of DC1. Differences in mRNA expression, however, were observed between BDCA3+ DC2 and BDCA3- DC2 that pointed toward a more activated status of BDCA3+ DC2. In line with this, higher steady state maturation marker expression and TLR-induced maturation marker expression and inflammatory cytokine production by BDCA3+ DC2 were observed. This dataset provides insight into the relationship between myeloid DC populations and contributes to further understanding of DC immunobiology.

BDCA3, Dendritic cell activation, Immunology, Innate immune cells,
Immunology and Cell Biology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van der Aa, E, Biesta, P.J, Woltman, A.M, & Buschow, S.I. (2018). Transcriptional patterns associated with BDCA3 expression on BDCA1+ myeloid dendritic cells. Immunology and Cell Biology. doi:10.1111/imcb.12002