The Belgian Council of State has ruled that the Circular 2013/1/omz, which aimed to ban wearing religious symbols at public schools is not compatible with the limiting grounds of article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Keywords: Human Rights, Freedom of Religion or belief, Freedom of religious manifestations, Right of parents to raise up their children in accordance with their religious convictions, Religious symbols, Female headscarves for religious purposes, Gender equality

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Erasmus School of Law

Wahedi, S. (2017). Council of State of Belgium and the Ban on Wearing Religious Symbols at Public Schools (The Headscarves Judgement). Retrieved from