Background: Little is known about any differences between young people with chronic physical conditions who do and do not apply for disability benefits in young adulthood for providing insights for future policy and rehabilitation care. Objective: We aimed to identify predictors during adolescence of receiving disability benefits in young adulthood and to compare recipients and non-recipients of benefits in social participation and psychosocial outcomes in young adulthood. Methods: Follow-up study of 18 to 25 year olds with various chronic conditions who at adolescent age completed a web-based survey (n = 518; T0). The outcome was receiving disability benefits (yes or no). Associations with background characteristics, social participation, and impact of the chronic condition were explored with stepwise multivariate modelling, using T0 variables. Differences between recipients and non-recipients were explored using chi-square tests and t-tests. Results: Receiving disability benefits in young adulthood was associated with greater extent of physical disability, receiving less special education, absenteeism at school/work, and low health-related quality of life during adolescence. In young adulthood, recipients of benefits reported higher perceived impact of the chronic condition on their school/work career and lower quality of life than non-recipients. Social participation varied across domains. Conclusion: This study provides important insights into the characteristics of a vulnerable subgroup of young people with chronic physical conditions. Disability benefit recipients experienced more impact of their chronic condition and reported a lower health-related quality of life over time than non-recipients. Rehabilitation professionals are encouraged to use patient-reported outcomes to address the lived experiences and screen the need for psychosocial support of this vulnerable subgroup of young people with chronic physical conditions.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adolescent, Chronic conditions, Physical disabilities, Psychosocial development, Quality of life, Social Participation
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2017.12.005, hdl.handle.net/1765/104605
Journal Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Citation
Bal, M.I, Sattoe, J.N.T, Miedema, H.S, & van Staa, A.L. (2018). Social participation and psychosocial outcomes of young adults with chronic physical conditions. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. doi:10.1016/j.rehab.2017.12.005