Despite the emphasis of servant leadership theory on the attention provided to workers’ needs and goals, there is a lack of empirical knowledge on the relationship between servant leadership and employees’ goal attainment. We provide a theoretical model of the mechanism by which this strong focus of servant leadership on a worker’s individual development positively influences the worker’s goal attainment. Through a diary study with 126 workers over five consecutive working days, the results indicated a positive within-person indirect effect of servant leader behaviors on goal attainment a day later through two parallel paths: the meaning in life at night and vitality the next morning. These results provide the first empirical support for the assumption of servant leadership as a promoter of employees’ goals, and highlights how servant leadership positively influences the integration of work as part of life and the energy resources of workers to achieve their daily goals.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Goal attainment, Meaning in life, Proactive personality, Servant leadership, Vitality
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10902-017-9954-y, hdl.handle.net/1765/104638
Journal Journal of Happiness Studies: an interdisciplinary forum on subjective well-being
Citation
Rodríguez-Carvajal, R, Herrero, M, van Dierendonck, D, De Rivas, S.D, & Moreno-Jiménez, B. (2018). Servant Leadership and Goal Attainment Through Meaningful Life and Vitality: A Diary Study. Journal of Happiness Studies: an interdisciplinary forum on subjective well-being, 1–23. doi:10.1007/s10902-017-9954-y