N-Leucinyl benzenesulfonamides have been discovered as a novel class of potent inhibitors of E. coli leucyl-tRNA synthetase. The binding of inhibitors to the enzyme was measured by using isothermal titration calorimetry. This provided information on enthalpy and entropy contributions to binding, which, together with docking studies, were used for structure-activity relationship analysis. Enzymatic assays revealed that N-leucinyl benzenesulfonamides display remarkable selectivity for E. coli leucyl-tRNA synthetase compared to S. aureus and human orthologues. The simplest analogue of the series, N-leucinyl benzenesulfonamide (R = H), showed the highest affinity against E. coli leucyl-tRNA synthetase and also exhibited antibacterial activity against Gram-negative pathogens (the best MIC = 8 μg/mL, E. coli ATCC 25922), which renders it as a promising template for antibacterial drug discovery.

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doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00374, hdl.handle.net/1765/104779
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Charlton, M.H. (Michael H.), Aleksis, R. (Rihards), Saint-Leger, A. (Adélaïde), Gupta, A., Loza, E. (Einars), Ribas De Pouplana, L. (Lluís), … Finn, P.W. (Paul W.). (2018). N-Leucinyl Benzenesulfonamides as Structurally Simplified Leucyl-tRNA Synthetase Inhibitors. ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 9(2), 84–88. doi:10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00374