Background and aims: Significant left main (LM) stem disease is potentially life-threatening and mandates revascularization. This study aimed to assess how patients rate the importance of particular features of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), how this determines their preference for a particular treatment strategy, and whether particular personality characteristics influence this preference.
Methods and results: In total, 1145 patients who visited the outpatient clinic of the Erasmus Medical Center for stable coronary artery disease were asked to complete a case vignette-questionnaire on a hypothetical significant LM stenosis amenable to PCI or CABG. To assess the individual's personality disposition and general distress level, each patient had to complete a set of 3 standardized, validated questionnaires with satisfactory psychometric properties. Overall 89% of patients preferred PCI to CABG. PCI was the preferred strategy despite a higher risk for repeat revascularization and need for more medication. Remarkably, the fact that a risk for repeat revascularization is more common in the PCI group is less important for the patients who opt for PCI. Risk for stroke and bleeding were the most important arguments to opt for PCI over CABG. Type D personality, depression, and anxiety were all associated with a relatively higher preference for CABG as revascularization strategy.
Conclusion: Overall, when given the choice patients seem to have a clear preference for PCI over CABG and consider stroke and bleeding important procedure-related complications. Patients with Type D personality, depression, or anxiety favor CABG.

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Journal of Cardiology
Department of Cardiology

Masdjedi, K., Daemen, J., Diletti, R., Wilschut, J., Utens, E., de Jaegere, P., … van Mieghem, N. (2018). A case-vignette based assessment of patient's perspective on coronary revascularization strategies, the OPINION study. Journal of Cardiology. doi:10.1016/j.jjcc.2018.01.009