Treatment and outcome of elderly patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer: A nationwide analysis
Objective: To provide an overview of treatment strategies for elderly patients with advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in daily practice, evaluate changes over time and relate this to surgical mortality and survival. Methods: All women diagnosed with advanced stage (FIGO IIB and higher) EOC between 2002 and 2013 were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (n = 10,440) and stratified by age, stage and period of diagnosis. Elderly patients were defined as aged ≥70 years. Time trends in treatment patterns and postoperative mortality were described by age category and tested using multivariable logistic regression. Relative survival was calculated. Results: With advancing age, less patients received ((neo-)adjuvant) treatment. Over time, elderly patients were less often treated (OR 2002–2004 versus 2011–2013: 0.73; 95%CI:0.58–0.92). But if treated, more often standard treatment was provided and 30-day postoperative mortality decreased from 4.5% to 1.9% between 2005 and 2007 and 2011–2013. In all age categories treatment shifted from primary surgery towards primary chemotherapy, in patients aged 70–79 years combination therapy increased (+5%) between 2002 and 2004 and 2011–2013. Five-year relative survival for patients diagnosed in 2008–2010 aged <70 years was 34% compared to 18% for elderly patients. Conclusion: Large treatment differences exist between younger and elderly patients. Over time, selection of elderly patients eligible for curative surgical treatment may have improved. More elderly patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy while less patients underwent surgery and simultaneously postoperative mortality decreased. However, the large and increasing number of elderly patients without treatment and the large survival gap suggests opportunities for further improvements in the care for elderly EOC patients.
|Organisation||Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics|
Schuurman, M.S. (M. S.), Kruitwagen, R.F.M.P, Portielje, J.E.A, Roes, E.M. (E. M.), Lemmens, V.E.P.P, & Aa, M.A. (2018). Treatment and outcome of elderly patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer: A nationwide analysis. Gynecologic Oncology. doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.02.017