The purpose of this study was to evaluate a semi-automatic right ventricle segmentation method on short-axis cardiac cine MR images which segment all right ventricle contours in a cardiac phase using one seed contour. Twenty-eight consecutive short-axis, four-chamber, and tricuspid valve view cardiac cine MRI examinations of healthy volunteers were used. Two independent observers performed the manual and automatic segmentations of the right ventricles. Analyses were based on the ventricular volume and ejection fraction of the right heart chamber. Reproducibility of the manual and semi-automatic segmentations was assessed using intra- and inter-observer variability. Validity of the semi-automatic segmentations was analyzed with reference to the manual segmentations. The inter- and intra-observer variability of manual segmentations were between 0.8 and 3.2%. The semi-automatic segmentations were highly correlated with the manual segmentations (R2 0.79–0.98), with median difference of 0.9–4.8% and of 3.3% for volume and ejection fraction parameters, respectively. In comparison to the manual segmentation, the semi-automatic segmentation produced contours with median dice metrics of 0.95 and 0.87 and median Hausdorff distance of 5.05 and 7.35 mm for contours at end-diastolic and end-systolic phases, respectively. The inter- and intra-observer variability of the semi-automatic segmentations were lower than observed in the manual segmentations. Both manual and semi-automatic segmentations performed better at the end-diastolic phase than at the end-systolic phase. The investigated semi-automatic segmentation method managed to produce a valid and reproducible alternative to manual right ventricle segmentation.

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Keywords Cardiac MRI, CMR, Quantitative analysis, Right ventricle, Segmentation
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Journal Journal of Digital Imaging
Yilmaz, P, Wallecan, K.F, Kristanto, W. (Wisnumurti), Aben, J.P.M.M, & Moelker, A. (2018). Evaluation of a Semi-automatic Right Ventricle Segmentation Method on Short-Axis MR Images. Journal of Digital Imaging, 1–10. doi:10.1007/s10278-018-0061-3