Sex steroids, sex hormone-binding globulin and levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in postmenopausal women
Background: Amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has a well-documented prognostic value for cardiovascular disease and sex-hormones are suggested to modulate NT-proBNP levels.
Objective: To examine whether endogenous sex-hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) are associated with NT-proBNP levels in postmenopausal women free of clinical cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Total estradiol (E2), total testosterone (TT), androstenedione (AD), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and NT-proBNP were assessed in 4112 postmenopausal women free of cardiovascular diseases from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study. Free androgen index (FAI) was calculated as ratio of TT to SHBG concentration. TT, AD, DHEA(S), SHBG, FAI and NT-proBNP were natural log transformed. Regression coefficients and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated using multivariable linear regression models adjusting for confounders.
Results: In models adjusted for multiple confounders (age, reproductive, life style and cardiovascular risk factors) higher SHBG (per 1 SD increase, β = 0.15, 95% CI = 0.12, 0.18), and lower levels of TT (per 1 SD increase, β = −0.05, 95%CI = −0.08, −0.02), FAI (per 1 SD increase, β = −0.13, 95%CI = −0.15, −0.09), DHEAS (per 1 SD increase, β = −0.06, 95% CI = −0.09, −0.04) and DHEA (per 1 SD increase, β = −0.06, 95%CI = −0.09, −0.04) were associated with higher levels of NT-proBNP. However, no consistent association was found between E2 and AD and NT-proBNP levels. Additionally, stratification by BMI did not affect any of observed associations.
Conclusion: Our findings support the hypothesis that higher androgens might be associated with lower natriuretic peptide levels in postmenopausal women.
|Keywords||Endogenous sex hormones, Menopause, Natriuretic peptides, NT-pro-BNP, Postmenopausal women|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.03.008, hdl.handle.net/1765/105317|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiology|
Glisic, M, Rojas, L.Z, Asllanaj, E, Vargas, K.G, Kavousi, M, Ikram, M.K, … Franco, O.H. (2018). Sex steroids, sex hormone-binding globulin and levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in postmenopausal women. International Journal of Cardiology. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.03.008