Bariatric surgery is an effective tool in the treatment of patients with morbid obesity. In these case reports we describe 2 patients who developed liver failure after currently-practiced types of bariatric surgery, caused by a prolonged state of malnutrition provoked by psychiatric problems. Despite intensive guidance of a psychologist and dieticians after surgery, our patients deteriorated psychologically, resulting in a prolonged state of severe malnutrition and anorexia. Finally, a state of starvation was reached, passing a critical level of the liver capacity. Patients who present with signs of severe protein malnutrition after bariatric surgery should be closely monitored and checked for nutritional status. Specific attention should be given to patients who develop psychiatric problems post-bariatric surgery. If refeeding does not result in clinical improvement, reversal surgery should be considered in a timely manner.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Hyperammonemia, Hyperbilirubinemia, Liver failure, Protein deficiency, Urea cycle
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v10.i3.396, hdl.handle.net/1765/105570
Journal World Journal of Hepatology
Citation
Lammers, W.J, van Tilburg, A.J.P. (Antonie J.P.), Apers, J.A. (Jan A.), & Wiebolt, J. (2018). Liver failure caused by prolonged state of malnutrition following bariatric surgery. World Journal of Hepatology, 10(3), 396–399. doi:10.4254/wjh.v10.i3.396