In this study, we aimed to identify characteristics of (unscheduled) revisits and its optimal time frame after Emergency Department (ED) discharge. Children with fever, dyspnea, or vomiting/diarrhea (1 month–16 years) who attended the ED of Erasmus MC-Sophia, Rotterdam (2010–2013), the Netherlands, were prospectively included. Three days after ED discharge, we applied standardized telephonic questionnaires on disease course and revisits. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent characteristics of revisits. Young age, parental concern, and alarming signs and symptoms (chest wall retractions, ill appearance, clinical signs of dehydration, and tachypnea) were associated with revisits (n = 527) in children at risk for serious infections discharged from the ED (n = 1765). Children revisited the ED within a median of 2 days (IQR 1.0–3.0), but this was proven to be shorter in children with vomiting/diarrhea (1.0 day (IQR 1.0–2.0)) compared to children with fever or dyspnea (2.0 (IQR 1.0–3.0)). Conclusion: Young age, parental concern, and alarming signs and symptoms (chest wall retractions, ill appearance, clinical signs of dehydration, and tachypnea) were associated with emergency health care revisits in children with fever, dyspnea, and vomiting/diarrhea. These characteristics could help to define targeted review of children during post-discharge period. We observed a disease specific and differential timing of control revisits after ED discharge.(Table presented.)

Additional Metadata
Keywords Children, Emergency Department, Follow-up, Revisit, Safety netting
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3095-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/105696
Journal European Journal of Pediatrics
Citation
De Vos-Kerkhof, E, Geurts, D.H.F, Steyerberg, E.W, Lakhanpaul, M, Moll, H.A, & Oostenbrink, R. (2018). Characteristics of revisits of children at risk for serious infections in pediatric emergency care. European Journal of Pediatrics, 1–8. doi:10.1007/s00431-018-3095-0