Objectives: Rezafungin (CD101) is a new long-acting echinocandin allowing weekly dosing, currently undergoing phase-II clinical trials for invasive candidiasis. The aim of this study was to assess rezafungin's in vitro activity against the most frequent Candida species following the EUCAST methodology.
Methods: The susceptibility of 2018 clinical Candida isolates was determined at four European laboratories. In parallel, six control strains were repeatedly tested. Wild-type upper limits (WT-ULs), defined as the MIC value where the wild-type distribution ends, were determined following the principles for EUCAST ECOFF-setting.
Results: The lowest rezafungin MICs (geometric MIC (GM-MIC), MIC range (mg/L)) were observed for C. albicans (0.016, 0.002–0.125) and the highest for C. parapsilosis (1.657, 0.063->4). MICs for the remaining species were in between these values (GM-MICs 0.048–0.055). Visual and statistical WT-ULs were identical for C. glabrata (0.125), C. krusei (0.125), C. parapsilosis (4), and C. tropicalis (0.25). If adopting these WT-ULs for classification into WT and non-WT populations, 1/413 C. glabrata, 1/402 C. krusei, 1/398 C. parapsilosis, and 1/402 C. tropicalis isolates were categorized as non-WT, all of which derived from Laboratory 1. For C. albicans unexplained laboratory variation was observed (WT-UL: 0.063–0.125 in Laboratories 1 and 2 versus 0.016 in Laboratories 3 and 4). A similar systematic difference was observed comparing the MICs for the three C. albicans QC strains, specifically, obtained in Laboratories 1and 2 with those in Laboratories 3 and 4.
Discussion: Rezafungin displayed species-specific activity similar to other echinocandins. Interlaboratory variation was observed for the most susceptible species C. albicans clinical and QC strains, an observation that warrants further investigation.

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Keywords Antifungal susceptibility, Candida, CD101, Echinocandin, EUCAST
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2018.02.021, hdl.handle.net/1765/105707
Journal Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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Citation
Arendrup, M.C, Meletiadis, J, Zaragoza, O., Jørgensen, K.M., Marcos-Zambrano, L.J., Kanioura, L, … Guinea, J. (2018). Multicentre determination of rezafungin (CD101) susceptibility of Candida species by the EUCAST method. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2018.02.021