Objective: To determine neurological outcome in children and youth with acquired brain injury (ABI) and explore associated factors.
Design: Cross-sectional study, two-years post-injury.
Patients: Hospital-based sample (n=112) aged 6-22 years.
Methods: Neurological outcome and participation were assessed with a multidimensional neurological examination and the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation. Logistic regression analyses were used to explore the relationships.
Results: Both sensorimotor and cognitive deficits were found in 30-31%, language deficits and behavioural deficits in 10-17%. Non-traumatic injury had a negative impact on neurological outcome, specifically regarding sensorimotor and language deficits. Lower education level showed a significantly poorer neurological outcome. High levels of age-expected participation were reported, with a significant relation between deficits and participation restrictions, especially at school.
Conclusion: One out of three have a poor neurological outcome, related to type of injury and lower level of education. The amount of deficits is associated with participation restrictions.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Acquired brain injury, adolescents, children, neurological outcome, participation, traumatic brain injury
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2018.1460770, hdl.handle.net/1765/105833
Journal Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Citation
Lambregts, S.A.M, Van Markus-Doornbosch, F, Catsman-Berrevoets, C.E, Berger, M.A.M, de Kloet, A.J, Hilberink, S.R, & Roebroeck, M.E. (2018). Neurological outcome in children and youth with acquired brain injury 2-year post-injury. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 1–10. doi:10.1080/17518423.2018.1460770