Although studies on policy transfer have expanded, a general and comprehensive understanding of policy transfer is lacking. This study offers an evidence-based explanation of policy transfer processes. We extracted constraining and facilitating factors from 180 empirical studies using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis) and aggregated these factors into a conceptual framework. We synthesize our findings in four “transfer routes”. We conclude that actors could shape a subset of those factors by taking certain decisions regarding transferability, adoptability and process design, albeit within the boundaries of the environment.

evidence-based, factors, policy diffusion, policy mobility, Policy transfer, PRISMA,
Policy Studies
Department of Sociology

Minkman, E. (E. (Ellen)), van Buuren, M.W. (M. W. (Arwin)), & Bekkers, V.J.J.M. (2018). Policy transfer routes: an evidence-based conceptual model to explain policy adoption. Policy Studies, 39(2), 222–250. doi:10.1080/01442872.2018.1451503