Personalized treatments for biliary tract carcinoma patients could improve the overall outcomes, mainly by withholding treatments from patients who are unlikely to benefit from surgery or chemotherapy. In order to determine the best treatment, at the optimal time in the disease course, in the center with the best outcomes, for each individual patient, large databases have to be utilized to construct appropriate validated models. The works included in this thesis aim to contribute to the development of personalized medicine using accurate prognostication and prediction rules.

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J.N.M. IJzermans (Jan) , T.M. Pawlik (Timothy M.) , B. Groot Koerkamp (Bas)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Department of Surgery

Büttner, S. (2018, June 20). Personalized Hepatobiliary Cancer Treatment. Retrieved from