The incidence and relevance of site-reported vs. patient-reported angina
Insights from the ABSORB II randomized trial comparing Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold with XIENCE everolimus-eluting metallic stent
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes , Volume 2 - Issue 2 p. 108- 116
Aims: In the ABSORB II trial, comparing AbsorbTM bioresorbable vascular scaffold with metallic XIENCETM everolimus-eluting stent (EES), a difference was found in site-reported new or worsening angina using adverse event (AE) reporting. However, the clinical relevance of this site-reported angina is unclear. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the clinical relevance of site-reported angina by evaluating its relation with cardiac endpoints, cardiovascular resource utilization (including diagnostics and treatment), positive exercise stress tolerance tests (ETTs), and Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ).
Methods and results: Site-reported new or worsening angina was captured on cardiac AE forms. There was a wide variation in the total number of days with site-reported angina (overall interquartile range 35–279 days). Patients with site-reported angina showed higher rates of cardiovascular events [including the patient-oriented composite endpoint of all deaths, all myocardial infarctions (MI), or all revascularizations (21.1 vs. 4.2%, P, 0.0001), all MIs (2.3 vs. 0%, P ¼ 0.03), and all revascularizations (21.1 vs. 0.7%, P, 0.0001)], cardiovascular resource utilization (including stress tests, anti-anginal medication, diagnostic angiographies, and hospitalization), and positive ETTs (51.9 vs. 14.9%, P, 0.001), compared with those without site-reported angina. Furthermore, an event-based analysis of the SAQ showed that patients with ongoing angina within the recall period of 4 weeks prior to the SAQ assessment have clinically and statistically significant decrements of .14 points in SAQ scores compared with those with no reported angina.
Conclusions: We showed that the site-reported angina through AE reporting may be clinically relevant because of their relation with cardiovascular events (mostly repeat revascularizations), cardiovascular resource utilization, ETT, and SAQ.
|Angina, Coronary artery disease, Metallic drug-eluting stent, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Polymeric bioresorbable vascular scaffold, Seattle Angina Questionnaire|
|European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes|
|Organisation||Department of Cardiology|
Grundeken, M.J, White, R, Hernandez, J.B. (John B.), Dudek, D, Cequier, A, Haude, M, … Chevalier, B. (2015). The incidence and relevance of site-reported vs. patient-reported angina. European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes, 2(2), 108–116. doi:10.1093/ehjqcco/qcv022