Background: Running injuries are very common. Risk factors for running injuries are not consistently described across studies and do not differentiate between runners of long- and short distances within one cohort.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine risk factors for running injuries in recreational long- and short distance runners separately.
Design: A prospective cohort study.
Methods: Recreational runners from four different running events are invited to participate. They filled in a baseline questionnaire assessing possible risk factors about 4 weeks before the run and one a week after the run assessing running injuries. Using logistic regression we developed an overall risk model and separate risk models based on the running distance.
Results: In total 3768 runners participated in this study. The overall risk model contained 4 risk factors: previous injuries (OR 3.7) and running distance during the event (OR 1.3) increased the risk of a running injury whereas older age (OR 0.99) and more training kilometers per week (OR 0.99) showed a decrease. Models between short- and long distance runners did not differ significantly. Previous injuries increased the risk of a running injury in all models, while more training kilometers per week decreased this risk.
Conclusions: We found that risk factors for running injuries were not related to running distances. Previous injury is a generic risk factor for running injuries, as is weekly training distance. Prevention of running injuries is important and a higher weekly training volume seems to prevent injuries to a certain extent.

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Keywords Risk factors, Risk model, Running, Running-related injuries
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Journal Musculoskeletal Science and Practice
van Poppel, D, Scholten-Peeters, G.G.M, van Middelkoop, M, Koes, B.W, & Verhagen, A.P. (2018). Risk models for lower extremity injuries among short- and long distance runners. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 36, 48–53. doi:10.1016/j.msksp.2018.04.007