Recent advances in oncology involve the use of diagnostic/therapeutic radionuclide-carrier pairs that target cancer cells, offering exciting opportunities for personalized patient treatment. Theranostic gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR)-directed radiopeptides have been proposed for the management of GRPR-expressing prostate and breast cancers. We have recently introduced the PET tracer 68Ga-SB3 (SB3, DOTA-p-aminomethylaniline-diglycolic acid-DPhe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-NHEt), a receptor-radioantagonist that enables the visualization of GRPR-positive lesions in human. Aiming to fully assess the theranostic potential of SB3, we herein report on the impact of switching 68Ga to 111In/177Lu-label on the biological properties of resulting radiopeptides. Notably, the bioavailability of 111In/177Lu-SB3 in mice drastically deteriorated compared with metabolically robust 68Ga-SB3, and as a result led to poorer 111In/177Lu-SB3 uptake in GRPR-positive PC-3 xenografts. The peptide cleavage sites were identified by chromatographic comparison of blood samples from mice intravenously receiving 111In/177Lu-SB3 with each of newly synthesized 111In/177Lu-SB3-fragments. Coinjection of the radioconjugates with the neprilysin (NEP)-inhibitor phosphoramidon led to full stabilization of 111In/177Lu-SB3 in peripheral mouse blood and resulted in markedly enhanced radiolabel uptake in the PC-3 tumors. In conclusion, in-situ NEP-inhibition led to indistinguishable 68Ga/111In/177Lu-SB3 profiles in mice emphasizing the theranostic prospects of SB3 for clinical use.

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Lymperis, E, Kaloudi, A, Sallegger, W, Bakker, I.L, Krenning, E.P, de Jong, M, … Nock, B.A. (2018). Radiometal-Dependent Biological Profile of the Radiolabeled GRPR-Antagonist SB3 in Cancer Theranostics. Bioconjugate Chemistry. doi:10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.8b00225