Brain metastases are the most common tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). Incidence rates vary according to primary tumor origin, whereas the majority of the cerebral metastases arise from primary tumors in the lung (40-50%). Brain metastases from lung cancer can occur concurrently or within months after lung cancer diagnosis. Survival rates after lung cancer brain metastasis diagnosis remain poor, to an utmost of 10 months. Therefore, prevention of brain metastasis is a critical concern in order to improve survival among cancer patients. Although several studies have been made in order to disclose the genetic and molecular mechanisms associated with CNS metastasis, the precise mechanisms that govern the CNS metastasis from lung cancer are yet to be clarified. The ability to forecast, which patients have a higher risk of brain metastasis occurrence, would aid cancer management approaches to diminish or prevent the development of brain metastasis and improve the clinical outcome for such patients. In this work, we revise genetic and molecular targets suitable for prediction of lung cancer CNS disease.

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Keywords Brain metastasis, Chemotherapy, Genetic alterations, Lung cancer, Molecular mechanisms
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Journal Frontiers in Oncology
Pedrosa, R.M.S.M. (Rute M.S.M.), Mustafa, D.A.M, Aerts, J.G.J.V, & Kros, J.M. (2018). Potential molecular signatures predictive of lung cancer brain metastasis. Frontiers in Oncology (Vol. 8). doi:10.3389/fonc.2018.00159