Can point shear wave elastography differentiate focal nodular hyperplasia from hepatocellular adenoma
Purpose: Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) are liver tumors that require different management. We assessed the potential of point shear wave elastography (pSWE) to differentiate FNH from HCA and the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of pSWE in the examination of these lesions and of native liver tissue (NLT).
Methods: The study included 88 patients (65 FNH, 23 HCA). pSWE was performed by two experienced liver sonographers (observers 1 [O1] and 2 [O2]) and acquired within the lesion of interest and NLT. Group differences, optimal cutoff for characterization and interobserver reliability was assessed with Mann-Whitney-U, area under the ROC curce (AUROC) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Intraobserver reliability in NLT was assessed in 20 healthy subjects using ICC.
Results: Median stiffness was significantly higher in FNH than in HCA (7.01 kPa vs 4.98 kPa for O1 (P=0.017) and 7.68 kPa vs 6.00 kPa for O2 (P=0.031)). A cutoff point for differentiation between the two entities could not be determined with an AUROC of 0.67 (O1) and 0.69 (O2). Interobserver reliability was good for lesion- stiffness (ICC=0.86) and poor for NLT stiffness (ICC=0.09). In healthy subjects, intraobserver reliability for NLT-stiffness was poor for O1 (ICC=0.23) and moderate for O2 (ICC=0.62).
Conclusion: This study shows that pSWE cannot reliably differentiate FNH from HCA. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability for pSWE in NLT were insufficient. Interpretation of results gained with this method should be done with great caution.
|Benign liver tumor, Elastography, Focal nodular hyperplasia, Hepatocellular adenoma|
|Journal of Clinical Ultrasound|
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
Taimr, P, Klompenhouwer, A.J, Thomeer, M.G.J, Hansen, B.E, IJzermans, J.N.M, de Man, R.A, & de Knegt, R.J. (2018). Can point shear wave elastography differentiate focal nodular hyperplasia from hepatocellular adenoma. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound. doi:10.1002/jcu.22603