Background Left ventricular (LV) volumetric and functional parameters measured with cardiac computed tomography (cardiac CT) augment risk prediction and discrimination for future mortality. Gender- and age-specific standard values for LV dimensions and systolic function obtained by 64-slice cardiac CT are lacking
Methods and results 1155 patients from the Coronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes: An InteRnational Multicenterregistry (54.5% males, mean age 53.1 + 12.4 years, range: 18 – 92 years) without known coronary artery disease (CAD), structural heart disease, diabetes, or hypertension who underwent cardiac CT for various indications were categorized according to age and sex. A cardiac CT data acquisition protocol was used that allowed volumetric measuring of LV function. Image interpretation was performed at each site. Patients with significant CAD (.50% stenosis) on cardiac CT were excluded from the analysis. Overall, mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was higher in women when compared with men (66.6 + 7.7% vs. 64.6 + 8.1%, P, 0.001). This gender-difference in overall LVEF was caused by a significantly higher LVEF in women ≥70 years when compared with men ≥70 years (69.95 + 8.89% vs. 65.50 + 9.42%, P ¼ 0.004). Accordingly, a significant increase in LVEF was observed with age (P ¼ 0.005 for males and P, 0.001 for females), which was more pronounced in females (5.21%) than in males (2.6%). LV end-diastolic volume decreased in females from 122.48+27.87 (,40 years) to 95.56+23.17 (.70 years; P, 0.001) and in males from 155.22+35.07 (,40 years) to 130.26+27.18 (.70 years; P, 0.001).
Conclusion Our findings indicate that the LV undergoes a lifelong remodelling and highlight the need for age and gender adjusted reference values.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cardiac computed tomography, Left ventricular ejection fraction
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jew142, hdl.handle.net/1765/106360
Journal European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Citation
Gebhard, C, Buechel, R.R. (Ronny R.), Stähli, B.E. (Barbara E.), Gransar, H, Achenbach, S, Berman, D.S, … Kaufmann, P.A. (2016). Impact of age and sex on left ventricular function determined by coronary computed tomographic angiography. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 18(9), 990–1000. doi:10.1093/ehjci/jew142