Objectives: The diagnosis and the surgical removal of a brain tumor can have serious impact on the quality of life of a patient. The question rises, whether having more or just less memories of the procedure is better for coping with such an event. Furthermore, for preoperative information of future patients it is important to know how patients process their emotions and memories. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the link between preoperative anxiety, the perioperative experience and the quantity and quality of postoperative memories in patients who underwent intracranial tumor surgery. Patients and methods: This study was a retrospective observational study; all patients who underwent intracranial tumor surgery at the Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam between January 1st 2014 and December 31st 2015 were identified. In May 2016, all patients who were not registered as deceased were sent a questionnaire about their anxieties, perceptions and memories of the perioperative period. Results: In total 476 patients were included. 272 patients responded, which resulted in a response rate of 57.14%. In the general anesthesia (GA) group there was a significant negative correlation between anxiety in the perioperative period and the quantity and quality of memories. In the awake craniotomy group, there was a significant negative correlation between anxiety after the operation and the quantity of memories. Conclusion: Patients in the GA group who experienced anxiety in the perioperative period had less quantity and quality of memories and less patient satisfaction. Patients in the AC group who experienced anxiety after the operation had only a lower quantity of the memory; there was no correlation with patient satisfaction.

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Keywords Anesthesia, Anxiety, Awake craniotomy, Brain tumor, Coping, Memory, Neurosurgery, Patient satisfaction
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.05.013, hdl.handle.net/1765/106558
Journal Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
van Ark, T.J. (Tom J.), Klimek, M, de Smalen, P. (Peter), Vincent, A, & Stolker, R.J. (2018). Anxiety, memories and coping in patients undergoing intracranial tumor surgery. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 170, 132–139. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.05.013