Aim: To determine the distribution of important mutations of the "a" determinant region in the HBV genome among patients in different clinical phases of HBV infection. Background: Variations in Hepatitis B infection not only change the outcome of the disease but also the symptoms from which the chronic HBV patients are suffering. Methods: We have meticulously selected a total of 40 chronic HBV patients from four different subclasses of chronic HBV clinical phases including immune tolerant (IT), immune active (IA), inactive carrier (IC) and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative (ENEG); 10 samples per each phase. Mutations of the "a" determinant region were identified using PCR-Direct sequencing method. Results: 17 amino-acid substitutions at 12 positions inside the "a" determinant were identified in all forty samples; 3 mutations in the IT group, 6 mutations in the IA phase, 3 mutations in the IC patients and 5 mutations in the ENEG phase. Different substitutions were observed in all four clinical phases. The IA phase was the most variant group with the highest number of amino-acid substitutions. Conclusion: These results did not reveal a strong pattern to distinguish different clinical phases of Chronic HBV infection, but there are some obvious differences regarding the number and position of mutations between these four clinical phases.

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Keywords "a" determinant region, Amino-acid substitution, Chronic hepatitis B infection, Clinical phases
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Journal Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench
Romani, S. (Sara), Hosseini, S.M. (Seyed Masoud), Mohebbi, S.R. (Seyed Reza), Boonstra, P.A, Razavi, A.H. (Armin Hosseini), & Sharifian, A. (Afsaneh). (2018). Characterization of the "a" determinant region of the hepatitis B virus genome in Iranian patients at different clinical phases of chronic infection. Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench, 11(2), 131–137. Retrieved from