Integrated neighborhood approaches (INAs) are increasingly advocated to support community-dwelling older people; their effectiveness however remains unknown. We evaluated INA effects on older people’s (health-related) quality of life (HRQoL) and well-being in Rotterdam. We used a matched quasi-experimental design comparing INA with “usual” care and support. Community-dwelling people (aged ≥70) and control subjects (n = 186 each) were followed over a one-year period (measurements at baseline, 6 and 12 months). Primary outcomes were HRQoL (EQ-5D-3L, SF-20) and well-being (SPF-IL). The effect of INA was analysed with generalized linear mixed modeling of repeated measurements, using both an “intention to treat” and “as treated” approach. The results indicated that pre-intervention participants were significantly older, more often single, less educated, had lower incomes and more likely to have ≥1 disease than control subjects; they had lower well-being, physical functioning, role functioning, and mental health. No substantial difference in well-being or HRQoL was observed between the intervention and control group after 1 year. The lack of effects of INA highlights the complexity of integrated care and support initiatives.

Additional Metadata
Keywords community-dwelling older people, effectiveness analysis, integrated neighborhood approach
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12439-018-0251-y, hdl.handle.net/1765/107357
Journal Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Citation
van Dijk, H.M, Cramm, J.M, Birnie, E, & Nieboer, A.P. (2018). Effecten van een integrale wijkaanpak genaamd ‘Even Buurten’ op de (gezondheidsgerelateerde) kwaliteit van leven en welzijn van ouderen. Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie, 49(3), 117–126. doi:10.1007/s12439-018-0251-y