The use of stem cells for regenerative tissue repair is promising but hampered by the low number of cells delivered to the site of injury. To increase the delivery, we propose a technique in which stem cells are linked to functionalized microbubbles, creating echogenic complex dubbed StemBells. StemBells are highly susceptible to acoustic radiation force which can be employed after injection to push the StemBells locally to the treatment site. To optimally benefit from the delivery technique, a thorough characterization of the dynamics of StemBells during ultrasound exposure is needed. Using high-speed optical imaging, we study the dynamics of StemBells as a function of the applied frequency from which resonance curves were constructed. A theoretical model, based on a modified Rayleigh-Plesset type equation, captured the experimental resonance characteristics and radial dynamics in detail.,
Applied Physics Letters
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Department of Biomedical Engineering

Kokhuis, T.J.A, Naaijkens, B, Juffermans, L.J.M, Kamp, O, van der Steen, A.F.W, Versluis, M, & de Jong, N. (2017). On the dynamics of StemBells: Microbubble-conjugated stem cells for ultrasound-controlled delivery. Applied Physics Letters, 111(2). doi:10.1063/1.4993172