Between 1905 and 1907 Rotterdam boat workers first succeeded, then failed in preventing the introduction of grain unloading machinery, which would cost many of them their jobs. The article discusses the debate this conflict provoked on the meaning and procedures of industrial innovation, focussing upon the relation between the national and the local.

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International Review of Social History
Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication (ESHCC)

van Lente, D. (1998). Machines and the order of the harbour: the debate about the introduction of grain unloaders in Rotterdam, 1905-1907. International Review of Social History. Retrieved from