A retrospective analysis of 3954 patients in phase 2/3 trials of bortezomib for the treatment of multiple myeloma: towards providing a benchmark for the cardiac safety profile of proteasome inhibition in multiple myeloma
This retrospective analysis aimed to establish the overall cardiac safety profile of bortezomib using patient-level data from one phase 2 and seven phase 3 studies in previously untreated and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM). Seven clinically relevant primary [congestive heart failure (CHF), arrhythmias, ischaemic heart disease (IHD), cardiac death] and secondary (hypertension, dyspnoea, oedema) cardiac endpoints were defined based on MedDRA v16.0 preferred terms. 2509 bortezomib-treated patients and 1445 patients in non-bortezomib-based control arms were included. The incidence of grade ≥3 CHF was 1·3–4·0% in studies in relapsed/refractory MM and 1·2–4·7% in previously untreated MM (2·0–7·6% all grades), with no significant differences between bortezomib- and non-bortezomib-based arms in comparative studies. Incidences of arrhythmias (1·3–5·9% grade ≥2; 0·6–4·1% grade ≥3), IHD (1·2–2·9% all grades; 0·4–2·7% grade ≥3) and cardiac death (0–1·4%) were low, with no differences between bortezomib-based and non-bortezomib-based arms. Higher rates of oedema (mostly grade 1/2) were seen in bortezomib-based versus non-bortezomib-based arms in one study and a pooled transplant study analysis. Logistic regression analyses of comparative studies showed no impact on cardiac risk with bortezomib-based versus non-bortezomib-based treatment. Bortezomib-based treatment was associated with low incidences of cardiac events.
|Keywords||bortezomib, cardiac, cardio-oncology, multiple myeloma|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14708, hdl.handle.net/1765/108405|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
Laubach, J.P, Moslehi, J.J. (Javid J.), Francis, S.A. (Sanjeev A.), San Miguel, J.F, Sonneveld, P, Orlowski, R.Z, … Richardson, P.G. (2017). A retrospective analysis of 3954 patients in phase 2/3 trials of bortezomib for the treatment of multiple myeloma: towards providing a benchmark for the cardiac safety profile of proteasome inhibition in multiple myeloma. British Journal of Haematology, 178(4), 547–560. doi:10.1111/bjh.14708