Second-generation Turkish immigrants make up an increasingly important segment of European labour markets. These young adults are entering the prime working ages and forming families. However, we have only a limited understanding of the relationship between labour force participation and parenthood among second-generation Turkish women. Using unique data from the Integration of the European Second Generation survey (2007/08), we compared the labour force participation of second-generation Turkish women with their majority-group counterparts by motherhood status in four countries. We found evidence that motherhood gaps, with respect to labour force participation, were similar for majority and second-generation Turkish women in Germany and in Sweden; however, there may be larger gaps for second-generation mothers than for majority women in the Netherlands and France. Cross-national findings were consistent with the view that national normative and social policy contexts are relevant for the labour force participation of all women, regardless of migrant background.

childbearing, children of immigrants, Europe, labour force participation, motherhood, second generation, Turkish,
Population Studies
Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences

Holland, J.A, & de Valk, H.A.G. (Helga A. G.). (2017). Differences in labour force participation by motherhood status among second-generation Turkish and majority women across Europe. Population Studies, 71(3), 363–378. doi:10.1080/00324728.2017.1319495