Second-generation Turkish immigrants make up an increasingly important segment of European labour markets. These young adults are entering the prime working ages and forming families. However, we have only a limited understanding of the relationship between labour force participation and parenthood among second-generation Turkish women. Using unique data from the Integration of the European Second Generation survey (2007/08), we compared the labour force participation of second-generation Turkish women with their majority-group counterparts by motherhood status in four countries. We found evidence that motherhood gaps, with respect to labour force participation, were similar for majority and second-generation Turkish women in Germany and in Sweden; however, there may be larger gaps for second-generation mothers than for majority women in the Netherlands and France. Cross-national findings were consistent with the view that national normative and social policy contexts are relevant for the labour force participation of all women, regardless of migrant background.

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Keywords childbearing, children of immigrants, Europe, labour force participation, motherhood, second generation, Turkish
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Journal Population Studies
Holland, J.A, & de Valk, H.A.G. (Helga A. G.). (2017). Differences in labour force participation by motherhood status among second-generation Turkish and majority women across Europe. Population Studies, 71(3), 363–378. doi:10.1080/00324728.2017.1319495