Introduction: Chronic heart failure is a cardiovascular disorder with high prevalence and incidence worldwide. The course of heart failure is characterized by periods of stability and instability. Decompensation of heart failure is associated with frequent and prolonged hospitalizations and it worsens the prognosis for the disease and increases cardiovascular mortality among affected patients. It is therefore important to monitor these patients carefully to reveal changes in their condition. Remote monitoring has been designed to facilitate an early detection of adverse events and to minimize regular follow-up visits for heart failure patients. Several new devices have been developed and introduced to the daily practice of cardiology departments worldwide. Areas covered: Currently, special tools and techniques are available to perform remote monitoring. Concurrently there are a number of modern cardiac implantable electronic devices that incorporate a remote monitoring function. All the techniques that have a remote monitoring function are discussed in this paper in detail. All the major studies on this subject have been selected for review of the recent data on remote monitoring of HF patients and demonstrate the role of remote monitoring in the therapeutic decision making for heart failure patients. Expert commentary: Remote monitoring represents a novel intensified follow-up strategy of heart failure management. Overall, theoretically, remote monitoring may play a crucial role in the early detection of heart failure progression and may improve the outcome of patients.

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Keywords cardiac implantable electronic devices, Heart failure, implantable hemodynamic monitoring devices, remote monitoring, structured trans-telephonic support, telemonitoring
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Journal Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Martirosyan, M. (Mihran), Caliskan, K, Theuns, D.A.M.J, & Szili-Török, T. (2017). Remote monitoring of heart failure: benefits for therapeutic decision making. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy (Vol. 15, pp. 503–515). doi:10.1080/14779072.2017.1348229