There is a range of breathing problems which occur and may persist in preterm infants, such as central apneas, obstructive apneas and periodic breathing. Preterm infants may also suffer from respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung disease necessitating prolonged use of oxygen therapy after discharge from the hospital. Due to these persistent breathing pattern abnormalities in preterm infants, there is a higher risk of altered sleep and apparent life threatening events. Polysomnography can be a helpful tool to identify those infants who have abnormalities in their breathing pattern, to identify those infants who have an increased risk to get a sleep related breathing event at home and to decide about the discontinuation of oxygen therapy.

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Early Human Development

Joosten, K., de Goederen, R., Pijpers, A. (Angelique), & Allegaert, K. (2017). Sleep related breathing disorders and indications for polysomnography in preterm infants. Early Human Development, 113, 114–119. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2017.07.005