This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among blood donors in different regions in Ethiopia. A total of 56 885 sera were tested for HBsAg and anti-HCV antibodies. Of these, 3.9% were found HBsAg-positive, 0.52% anti-HCV-positive, and 0.054% dual positive. HBV prevalence was relatively higher in Adama (5.91%) than Gondar (4.05%), Jimma (3.87%), Addis Ababa (3.75%), and Tigray (3.7%); and in males (4.64%) than females (2.1%). Overall, HBV and HCV prevalence increased with age. In conclusion, HBV and HCV seroprevalence among blood donors in Ethiopia is intermediate and low, respectively.

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Keywords ethiopia, HBV, HCV, seroepidemiology
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Journal Journal of Medical Virology
Hundie, G.B, Raj, V.S, GebreMichael, D. (Daniel), & Haagmans, B.L. (2017). Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B and C virus infections among blood donors in Ethiopia. Journal of Medical Virology, 89(7), 1300–1303. doi:10.1002/jmv.24770