Human norovirus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis and is efficiently transmitted between humans and around the globe. The burden of norovirus infections in the global community and in health-care settings warrant the availability of outbreak prevention strategies and control measures that are tailored to the pathogen, outbreak setting and population at risk. A better understanding of viral and host determinants of transmission would aid in developing and fine-tuning such efforts. Here, we describe mechanisms of transmission, available model systems for studying norovirus transmission and their strengths and weaknesses as well as future research strategies.

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Journal Current Opinion in Virology
Grant This work was funded by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme; grant id h2020/643476 - COllaborative Management Platform for detection and Analyses of (Re-)emerging and foodborne outbreaks in Europe (COMPARE)
de Graaf, M, Villabruna, N. (Nele), & Koopmans, M.P.G, D.V.M. (2017). Capturing norovirus transmission. Current Opinion in Virology (Vol. 22, pp. 64–70). doi:10.1016/j.coviro.2016.11.008