Objective Inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for patients with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma is associated with a high incidence of postoperative wound complications, which may be influenced by inguinal drain management. The aim of this nationwide prospective study (MAMBO: Morbidity And Measurement of the BOdy) was to assess the feasibility and the incidence of complications after volume-controlled versus short drainage. Methods The MAMBO study consisted of two observational studies in all eight oncology centers in the Netherlands, conducted between 2012 and 2016. In the first study, the drain was removed when the production was < 30 ml/24 h, except in the first 48 h, and after a maximum of 28 days (MAMBO-IA). In the second study, the drain was removed five days postoperatively regardless of production (MAMBO-IB). We assessed the complications within eight weeks after surgery using logistic regression to compare the incidence of one or more complications between the two drainage protocols, adjusting for possible confounders. Results We included 77 patients (139 groins) for volume-controlled drainage and 64 patients (112 groins) for short drainage. Volume-controlled drainage was associated with significant less lymphocele formation. Moreover, we found no difference in wound infection or primary wound breakdown. The estimated incidence of one or more complications was 46% per groin after volume-controlled drainage versus 75% after short drainage, (RD 29% (95% CI 8, 49) p = 0.006). Conclusions This prospective study shows that volume-controlled drainage is associated with significantly less complications compared to short drainage. We therefore recommend volume-controlled drainage after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy in patients with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma.

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Keywords Drain management, Inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy, Morbidity, Postoperative complications, Vulvar cancer, Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.06.031, hdl.handle.net/1765/108709
Journal Gynecologic Oncology
Pouwer, A.W. (A. W.), Hinten, F. (F.), van der Velden, J, Smolders, R.G.V, Slangen, A.H.L, Zijlmans, H.J.M.A.A. (H. J.M.A.A.), … de Hullu, J.A. (2017). Volume-controlled versus short drainage after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy in vulvar cancer patients: A Dutch nationwide prospective study. Gynecologic Oncology, 146(3), 580–587. doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.06.031