Objective: Sensorineural hearing loss is a common sequela of bacterial meningitis. The objective of this study is to delineate the incidence and course of hearing loss after bacterial meningitis. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: Data of 655 patients who suffered from bacterial meningitis between 1985 and 2015 were analyzed. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measurements: Availability of audiometric data, incidence of hearing loss, and onset and course of hearing loss. Results: In this cohort the incidence of hearing loss (>25 dB) was 28% (95% confidence interval 23-34%). The incidence of profound hearing loss (>80 dB) was 13% (95% confidence interval 10-18%). Normal hearing at the first assessment after treatment for meningitis remained stable over time in all these patients. In 19 of the 28 patients with diagnosed hearing loss, the hearing level remained stable over time. Hearing improved in six patients and deteriorated in two patients. One patient showed a fluctuating unilateral hearing loss. Conclusion: Audiological tests in patients with bacterial meningitis, especially children, should be started as soon as possible after the acute phase is over. As we found no deterioration of initial normal hearing after bacterial meningitis, repeated audiometry seems indicated only for those with diagnosed hearing loss at first assessment.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Audiology, Bacterial meningitis, Follow-up, Hearing loss
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001808, hdl.handle.net/1765/108728
Journal Otology & Neurotology
Citation
Rodenburg-Vlot, M.B.A, Ruytjens, L, Oostenbrink, R, & van der Schroeff, M.P. (2018). Repeated audiometry after bacterial meningitis: Consequences for future management. Otology & Neurotology, 39(5), e301–e306. doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000001808