Background: Web-based lifestyle interventions at the workplace have the potential to promote health and work productivity. However, the sustainability of effects is often small, which could be enhanced by adding face-to-face contacts, so-called 'blended care'. Therefore, this study evaluates the effects of a blended workplace health promotion intervention on health and work outcomes among employees with increased cardiovascular risk. Methods: In this multicentre cluster-randomised controlled trial (PerfectFit), 491 workers in 18 work units from military, police, and a hospital with increased cardiovascular risk were randomised into two intervention groups. The limited intervention (n = 213; 9 clusters) consisted of a web-based Health Risk Assessment with advice. In the extensive intervention (n = 271; 8 clusters), coaching sessions by occupational health physicians using motivational interviewing were added. One cluster dropped out after randomisation but before any inclusion of subjects. Primary outcome was self-rated health. Secondary outcomes were body weight, body mass index (BMI), work productivity, and health behaviours. Follow-up measurements were collected at 6 and 12 months. Effect sizes were determined in mixed effects models. Results: At 12 months, the extensive intervention was not statistically different from the limited intervention for self-rated health (4.3%; 95%CI -5.3-12.8), BMI (- 0.81; 95%CI -1.87-0.26) and body weight (- 2.16; 95%CI -5.49-1.17). The within-group analysis showed that in the extensive intervention group body weight (- 3.1 kg; 95% CI -2.0 to - 4.3) was statistically significantly reduced, whereas body weight remained stable in the limited intervention group (+ 0.2 kg; 95% CI -1.4 to 1.8). In both randomised groups productivity loss and physical activity increased and excessive alcohol use decreased significantly at 12 months. Conclusions: There were no effects on self-rated health, body weight, and BMI. However, within the group with web-based tailored Health Risk Assessment including personalized advice body weight reduced significantly. Adding motivational coaching is promising to reduce body weight. Trial registration: Retrospectively registered at the Netherlands Trial Registry with number NTR4894, at Nov 14 2014.

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Keywords Body weight, Cardiovascular diseases, eHealth, Life style, Motivational interviewing, Risk assessment
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Journal BMC Public Health
Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, T.A, Robroek, S.J.W, Kraaijenhagen, R.A, Helmhout, P.H. (Pieter H.), Nieboer, D, Burdorf, A, & Myriam Hunink, M.G. (M. G.). (2018). Effectiveness of the blended-care lifestyle intervention 'PerfectFit': A cluster randomised trial in employees at risk for cardiovascular diseases. BMC Public Health, 18(1). doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5633-0