Background: Acute hamstring injury that includes intramuscular tendon injury has been suggested to be associated with increased reinjury risk. These observations were based on a relatively small number of retrospectively analysed cases. Objective: To determine whether intramuscular tendon injury is associated with higher reinjury rates in acute hamstring injury. Methods: MRIs of 165 athletes with an acute hamstring injury were obtained within 5 days of injury. Treatment consisted of a standardised criteria-based rehabilitation programme. Standardised MRI parameters and intramuscular tendon injury, the latter subdivided into tendon disruption and waviness, were scored. We prospectively recorded reinjuries, defined as acute onset of posterior thigh pain in the same leg within 12 months after return to play. Results: Participants were predominantly football players (72%). Sixty-four of 165 (39%) participants had an index injury with intramuscular hamstring tendon disruption, and waviness was present in 37 (22%). In total, there were 32 (19%) reinjuries. There was no significant difference (HR: 1.05, 95% CI 0.52 to 2.12, P=0.898) in reinjury rate between index injuries with intramuscular tendon disruption (n=13, 20%) and without tendon disruption (n=19, 20%). There was no significant difference in reinjury rate (X2(1)=0.031, P=0.861) between index injuries with presence of waviness (n=7, 19%) and without presence of waviness (n=25, 20%). Conclusion: In athletes with an acute hamstring injury, intramuscular tendon injury was not associated with an increased reinjury rate within 12 months after return to play.

Additional Metadata
Keywords central tendon, Hamstring injury, intramuscular tendon, intratendinous, magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, muscle injury, re-injury, recurrence, tendon
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098725, hdl.handle.net/1765/109126
Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal of sport and exercise medicine
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Citation
Van Der Made, A.D, Almusa, E, Reurink, G, Whiteley, R.J, Weir, A, Hamilton, B. (Bruce), … Tol, J.L. (2018). Intramuscular tendon injury is not associated with an increased hamstring reinjury rate within 12 months after return to play. British Journal of Sports Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal of sport and exercise medicine. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098725