We studied the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) in low-risk non-survivors (LNs), compared to low-risk survivors (LSs), high-risk non-survivors (HNs), and high-risk survivors (HSs) in two pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). The study was performed as a retrospective patient record review study, using a PICU-trigger tool. A random sample of 48 PICU patients (0–18 years) was chosen, stratified into four subgroups of 12 patients: LNs, LSs, HNs, and HSs. Primary outcome was the occurrence of AEs. The severity, preventability, and nature of the indentified AEs were determined. In total, 45 AEs were found in 20 patients. The occurrence of AEs in the LN group was significantly higher compared to that in the LS group and HN group (AE occurrence: LN 10/12 patients, LS 1/12 patients; HN 2/12 patients; HS 7/12 patients; LN-LS difference, p < 0.001; LN-HN difference, p < 0.01). The AE rate in the LN group was significantly higher compared to that in the LS and HN groups (median [IQR]: LN 0.12 [0.07–0.29], LS 0 [0–0], HN 0 [0–0], and HS 0.03 [0.0–0.17] AE/PICU day; LN-LS difference, p < 0.001; LN-HN difference, p < 0.01). The distribution of the AEs among the four groups was as follows: 25 AEs (LN), 2 AEs (LS), 8 AEs (HN), and 10 AEs (HS). Fifteen of forty-five AEs were preventable. In 2/12 LN patients, death occurred after a preventable AE. Conclusion: The occurrence of AEs in LNs was higher compared to that in LSs and HNs. Some AEs were severe and preventable and contributed to mortality.(Table presented.)

Additional Metadata
Keywords (P ediatric) intensive care, Adverse events, Complications, Health care quality, Hospital, Outcome, Patient safety, Trigger tool
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3194-y, hdl.handle.net/1765/109151
Journal European Journal of Pediatrics
Citation
Verlaat, C.W.M, van der Starre, C, Hazelzet, J.A, Tibboel, D, van der Hoeven, J.G, Lemson, J, & Zegers, M. (2018). The occurrence of adverse events in low-risk non-survivors in pediatric intensive care patients: an exploratory study. European Journal of Pediatrics, 1–8. doi:10.1007/s00431-018-3194-y